the most common
ways for your computer to get infected by a computer virus is via
Other methods of infection include downloading infected software, or
an infected floppy disk. Your best protection against computer viruses
is to obtain and install virus protection software and keep it
Keeping the software up-to-date is important because virus protection
generally can only protect against known viruses. As new
are discovered the vendors update their software to detect these new
Registered users can generally receive these updates via the Internet.
Old virus software that is not maintained provides
If you do not have virus protection software installed, you can still take steps to protect yourself from viruses. Whenever you install software you should take care that the software is from a reputable source. There have been cases in the past where shrink-wrapped software from reputable sources has been infected, but such cases are very rare.
E-Mail VirusesThe primary source of virii today is from e-mail attachments. E-mail attachments are files that are transmitted as part of an e-mail message. These files can contain anything including virus-infected programs. Just downloading your e-mail cannot infect your computer. Even reading e-mail should not cause an infection by a virus. The danger lies in opening attachments contained in the e-mail. Most attachments are safe. These generally include Web pages, text files, images.
Some attachments try to pretend they are harmless by using a name like image.jpg.vbs. Note the final final suffix .vbs, which indicates a Visual Basic Script (a program). The .jpg in the name is there to trick the user into think that this an image file, but in reality it is a program, known as a Trojan horse. These usually carry a virus payload. You should always be suspicious of a file with a double extension.
Attachments Generally Safe to OpenFiles with the following file suffixes are generally safe to open. Don't be fooled by double extensions like picture.jpg.lnk. This is a program and not an image. The last part of the name, .lnk, determines the file's properties. More recent viruses attempt to obfuscate the extra extension by including spaces (e.g. picture.jpg .exe) in the name.
Files Which may Contain Viruses
Files with the following file suffixes may contain macro viruses. If
are opened with macros disabled they MAY be safe to open.
Files with the following suffixes are executable programs or
files. They may be infected with viruses. There is NO safe way
open these. Only open if necessary and if the source is trusted.
 Java applets loaded at part of a web page should be safe as the Java security system prevents these programs from misbehaving.
 Signed Active X plug-ins should be safe if signed by a reputable software provider. These are often automatically downloaded as part of a web page.
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Last Updated: Friday January 18, 2019
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